Science for Policy
Our current capacity to address climate change impacts necessitates a better understanding of both mitigation and adaptation options, and as such, more focused research is required. Well executed peer reviewed scientific research is necessary to make key decisions about the best path that serves the various requirements of justice. Decision making about both adaptation and mitigation is improved by knowing not just one path of action based on research, but by having a range of options and actions to work with. The development and implementation of appropriate climate policies requires a close understanding of conditions at various social and ecological scales (local, regional, national, global). The relationship between climate science and climate policy is intensifying and will continue to drive the growth of 'policy relevant science' in the climate advisory process. However, even if good scientific evidence and research are available, there is no guarantee that findings will be properly understood and acted upon in a meaningful way. To improve decision making, further vigilance is required in the interpretation and uptake of scientific research by decision makers. While this applies to most decisions affecting society, it is particularly important in decisions concerning climate change across scope and scale.
Science Policy Assessment and Research on Climate (SPARC) conducts research and assessments, outreach, and education aimed at helping climate science policies better support climate-related decision making in the face of fundamental and often irreducible uncertainties.
The Project on Scientific Knowledge and Public Policy studies how science is used and misused in government decision-making and legal proceedings.