C. Daryl Cameron
- Ph.D. from the Department of Psychology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- B.A. in Philosophy and Psychology at the College of William and Mary
Daryl Cameron is an ethics core faculty member in the Department of Psychology. He completed a summer post-doctoral appointment at the Duke University Kenan Institute for Ethics, and was a Fellow at the Stanford University Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education (CCARE). Daryl is also a member of the Moral Psychology Research Group, an interdisciplinary group of psychologists, neuroscientists, and philosophers who study moral cognition. Before coming to Penn State, he was a faculty member at the University of Iowa.
Daryl’s research and teaching focus on the psychological processes involved in empathy and moral decision-making. Much of his work examines motivational factors that shape empathic emotions and behaviors toward others. This line of research is united by the theme that empathy is often a motivated choice: many apparent limitations of empathy may result from how people strategically weigh its costs and benefits. For instance, Daryl has examined why people exhibit more empathy for the suffering of single identifiable victims (e.g., Cecil the Lion) than for large numbers of victims (as in natural disasters, epidemics, and genocides). He is currently examining how the motivation to avoid emotional and financial costs of empathy can produce such empathy deficits. In related work, he has examined how the motivation to avoid emotional exhaustion and burnout can lead people to dehumanize—or deny mental states to—socially stigmatized targets (e.g., drug addicts). More recently, Daryl has been extending this framework to understand variation in empathy in political contexts (e.g., at the Iowa Caucus) and professional contexts (e.g., among physicians).
In his second line of research, Daryl uses tools from social cognitive psychology—including implicit measurement and mathematical modeling—to understand individual differences in moral intuitions and empathy for pain. This work moves beyond self-report methodology by assessing how people immediately and unintentionally respond to moral transgressions and the pain of others. Daryl is currently extending these paradigms to understand variation in moral reactivity and empathy for pain in clinical samples (e.g., patients with lesions to relevant brain areas) and incarcerated samples (e.g., prisoners clinically diagnosed with psychopathy).
Daryl’s research has been funded by multiple grants from the National Science Foundation. His work has been published in venues such as the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Psychological Science, and Personality and Social Psychology Review, and in popular outlets such as the New York Times. His research on moral judgments about implicit racial bias received the Morton Deutsch Award for Best Article from the International Society for Justice Research.